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Vocab

A

Abscess: A moderately common health issue. An abscess is a tender mass full of puss and debris. Antibiotics alone will not cure an abscess – generally it must be opened and drained by a vet. If you notice a large lump that formed very quickly – generally in the facial area – get to a vet quickly.

Arboreal: Living in trees. A term used to describe a species which lives in trees.

Albino: Lacking pigmentation. A glider with perfectly white fur and bright red eyes. T-. Recessive.

B

Bald Spot: It appears that intact males have a diamond shaped bald spot on their head, but that is okay. Most people think its hair loss but don’t fear! Its a scent gland. It is also oily as well.

Barking: It is a form of communication between gliders. It is to warn other members of the colony of danger or to get the others attention [sometimes ours!]. It sounds like a small puppy.

BB: Black Beauty. It is a color variation, seems to be dominant.

Belly Rub: Where the glider would try to rub something off of his or her belly. It is actually a form of marking their territory with their scent. Another variation is when the owner would rub the glider’s belly, much like with a dog.

BEW: Black eyed white aka “leucistic” or “leu”. Another color variation. Recessive.

Bifurcated: When referring to the male’s penis, it means that it is split into two parts. If you ever see a set of two, pinkish-red worm-like structures coming from the cloaca of your gliders, it is his penis.

BML: Bourbon’s Modified Leadbeater’s. A popular diet. Ca:P is roughly 3:1. Includes a limited list of fruits and vegetables to be fed with it.

Bonding: The process of creating a bond with your gliders; Gaining trust. Bonding is an ongoing process, there is never an “end” to it.

Bra Baby: A sugar glider that spends an extended about of time in their Momma’s bra instead of a pouch.

Butt Dance: Another form of marking territory – A glider will urinate a little, and use their lower body to rub it around, thus spreading the scent.

Breeder Standards: A five step rating system created by The Global Animal Partnership. It is usually used for livestock, but has been adapted for pets as well. Basically, the four steps that can apply to sugar gliders are: 1: No Overcrowding; 2: Enriched Environment [toys, etc]; 3: Enhanced Outdoor Access [modified to include “Sugar Glider Rooms” or “Tent Time”]; 4: Animal Centered, all physical alterations prohibited. There are a few breeders that snip the tails of their gliders, and that isn’t acceptable. This, however, does not necessarily include neutering. An extra step that has been mentioned is: Animal centered, entire life at the same home. Too many breeders retire gliders and immediately sell them to make room for “the next batch” of breeding gliders.

C

Cage: An 24”h x 24”w x 36”h is the suggested minimum cage size for a glider. It should be PVC coated wire or wrought iron, but not galvanized wire. The bar spacing should be ½” or smaller.

Calcium: A very important mineral for sugar gliders. The Ca:P [Calcium:Phosphorus] ratio of their food should be 1.5:1-2:1. Otherwise they can be struck ill with hypocalcimia, a symptom of which is HLP, or Hind Leg Paralysis.

CG: Classic Gray. The standard color.

Chattering: It sounds like they are clicking. Sometimes like a popcorn sound as well. It is a form of communication. It also means that they are very content and happy.

Cloaca: The posterior opening that serves as the only such opening for the intestinal, reproductive and urinary tracts of certain animal species. The word is Latin in origin and means “sewer”.

Crabbing: The noise that they make when they are startled or frightened. It is commonly referred to as sounding like an angry electric pencil sharpener.

Creamino: A very whitish cream colored sugar glider color variation with red eyes. Creamino is a variation of the Albino gene, or a lack of pigmentation.

D

Diet: Diet is very important to sugar gliders. There are many veterinarian approved diets. A diet that is solely based on pellets, however, is not healthy for gliders. Vet approved diets include: HPW, LGRS Suggie Soup, Blended Diet, Priscilla Price Diet, and BML.

E

E-collar: Elizabethan collars, or Emergency collar, a plastic cone shaped collar used when a glider is injured that helps prevent self mutilation.

Emergency Preparation: Being prepared for an emergency is essential, as gliders hide their illnesses very well. Things that you should have on hand include but are not limited to: Emergency phone numbers of vets that are open after hours; Pedialyte [for dehydration]; Feeding Syringes [no needles] for medication and pushing liquids; and E-Collars.

Environment Enrichment: Includes a large cage for hunting and playing; a wheel for exercise; hiding places and things to investigate; foraging toys to hide food and treats; etc.

Eucalyptus: A diverse genus of flowering trees that is mostly based in Australia. The leaves have a sharp, almost menthol-like smell to them that can be used in cage pans to lessen the odor, while the branches make great toys.

F

Face hug: When your glider jumps or glides to you and lands on your face rather than on another part of your body.

G

Genji: A pop -up tent used for Tent Time as well as Bonding.

Glider: Short for Sugar Glider.

Glide-R-Chow: A pellet diet sold by mill breeders. Avoid.

H

Heat Rock: Often sold with mill breeder gliders; Dangerous in multiple forms – do not use in cage.

Het: heterozygous for the specific gene

Hissing: Gliders will make a sound similar to a cat’s hiss to announce their presence or call out to other members of their colony. But they also tend to hiss when they have problems going to the bathroom.

HPW: High Protein Wombaroo. Another diet.

Hind Leg Paralysis [aka HLP]: A deficiency or lack of calcium in the blood. The body will then start to use the calcium from the bones and causes it to collapse. It is a form of Hypocalacimia.

I

IP [In Pouch]: term used when a mother has joeys in pouch.

Intros: Used when referring to introducing two gliders. Sugar gliders are extremely territorial by nature. Research before intros.

J

Joey: The baby. Named like a kangaroo baby.

Joey Cry: Typically a “nyitch” sound, when the joey calls to its parents.

K

No terms

L
Leu [Leucistic]: White with black eyes.

Licky Treats: A bonding technique that you offer on your finger to gain your glider’s trust. It is a semi-liquid treat. Only allow them to lick at least 3 times then pull away because if you keep it there until they lick it all off they will “bite” scrape your finger like if it was a tree with sap, to get more.

Lineage: A geneology for blood lines.

Lion: A color variation in the red series that involves a slightly rounder face and a honey-golden hue to the fur.

LGRS Suggie Soup: Lucky Glider Rescue & Sanctuary Suggie Soup has a 2.12 Ca:P ratio with a lower far, lower cholesterol, higher calcium and higher protein recipe.

M

Mealies: meal worms.

Mill Breeder: A breeder that doesn’t take care of each joey as an individual, but instead works for profit.

Mo: Mosaic. Another color variation, involving white “patches” of fur where a classic grey would have color. Standard mosaic variations that are usually classified on their own include ringtail, white face, white tip [tail], and white mosaic. A dominant gene.

N

Necropsy: An autopsy performed on an animal. Multiple vets are trying to do necropsies on as many gliders as possible such as to learn more about them.

Neutering: Can either be “pom-on” or “pom-off”, meaning either the testes are entirely removed [pom-off], or the connection is simply “cut” pom-on].

Nocturnal: Means that they are up at night. They sleep during the day light hours. So they might keep you up at night until you are used to their barking.

O

OOP [Out Of Pouch]: Term used when joeys become out of pouch from mom [the date they completely detach from mom].

Over grooming: A form of stereotypy, or a repetitive movement, in which the animal chooses to excessively groom itself for stimulation. The grooming can continue past the point of hair removal until wounds form. Some animals will continue this into self mutilation.

P

Patagium/PatagiaThe gliding membrane that stretches from the wrist to the ankle on each side of a gliders body.

Perfect Pocket PetsMill breeder that sells sugar gliders under the name “sugar bears”. Commonly sells ill or underage gliders, too small cages, pellet diets, and encourages glider interaction with other large pets.

PlatPlatinum. Another color variation in which the grey is a much lighter color. Recessive.

PMLPocket’s Modified Leadbeater’s. Another Diet.

Pom
The term used to describe the male gliders scrotum. It looks like a small, furry, outie belly button on a male’s stomach.

PouchRefers to the slit in the female’s stomach where she stores babies until the are able to survive outside of her body; Also refers to a fleece pouch kept inside the cage for sleeping purposes, or one carried on the body to keep the glider inside.

Pouch protectiveThe term used to describe a glider which is territorial about their sleeping pouch.

PurringIt’s like a quite cat like purr. It’s a happy content sound.

Q

No Terms

R

No Terms

S

SansbugBrand of pop up tent for Tent Time.

Scent BlankiesA small piece of material [commonly used is a fleece square] to have the owner rub their scent by rubbing it on their arms or neck and is placed in the sleeping pouch or bonding pouch so they can get used to your scent as well.

Scent StainingA gliders fur can change colors based on their propensity to mark, their diet and their living conditions. Given the right circumstances a gray glider could appear to be a cinnamon in color.

Scent glandsrefers to the scent glands located on the chest and head of a unaltered male glider that produce oils.

Self Mutilation [SM]The act of attacking and chewing on one’s self. If you suspect your glider is Self Mutilating, the first thing you should do is put the glider into an e-collar or wrap the glider up in fleece so that the glider can do no further damage to them self. Can be caused by poor diet, infection, inbreeding, depression, wound, parasites, or intestinal blockage. 

Signs of DepressionConsecutive flips [for more that a few minutes]; Lack of interest in playing and eating; Sleeping changes; Over grooming; Self Mutilation.

SingingThe sound a female glider makes when she has joeys in pouch.

SkunkingWhen startled or frightened, a glider can secrete a strong musky scent from their anal glands. Joeys typically skunk more than adults.

Silent SpinnerWheels typically sold at pet stores. Dangerous for sugar gliders. The weight of the wheel can grab and tear up a glider’s tail.

SGStandard Gray. The basic coloring that includes a grey body, white underbelly, and a black stripe from head to tail. Dominant.

Snaky Tail Dance: If they find something that is very interesting to them and focus on it they will stick their butt in the air and wiggle their tail that resembles a snake.

Sneezing: The sound heard when a glider spits into their hands to groom themselves.

SoundsBarking, crabbing, crying, hissing, clicking, chattering, attacking, singing, grunting, sneezing, and purring are all common noises.

Stealth WheelAn open wheel without a center bar that is safe for gliders. Sold through AtticWorx.

Sugar Glider KitchenA modified tupperware box to contain the mess created when gliders eat. The box must be large enough to hold all of the gliders, and also give a few different exits in the case of a fight.

SuggieShort for Sugar Glider

Swollen ToesCan occur due to toes being sprained or broken, nails being infected, Hind Leg Paralysis, or other dietary issues.

T

Teeth TrimmingSugar glider teeth DO NOT GROW like rodents, and thus DO NOT NEED TO BE TRIMMED. If glider teeth are trimmed or “floated”, they would suffer endless pain and may even die of infection.

Tent TestThe term used to describe the process that is used to test gliders for dehydration. When using the tent test, you gently pinch the skin between the gliders shoulder blades. In a hydrated glider, the skin should return to normal within 3-5 seconds. If it remains tented or takes an excessive amount of time to return to normal the glider is dehydrated.

Tent TimeWhen you take your glider into a small tent [or bathroom] for the purpose of interacting or playing with them. 

Torpor: Much like hibernation, torpor is a way of falling into a state of lack of movement to conserve energy at times of extreme cold.

U

Urinary Tract Infection [UTI]: A bacterial infection that affects any part of the urinary tract. Most typical symptom is hissing while urinating.

V

No terms

W

WF: White Face. Lacking the “bars” under the jaw. Pattern. Dominant.

WHPSWombaroo’s High Protein Supplement [powder used in PML, HPW and Reep’s diets].

WTWhite Tip [tail].

X

No terms

Y

YoggiesA yogurt drop treat. 

Z

No terms

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